2. Attacks On Technology
In early 19th century England, a group of textile workers formed an anti-machinery social movement, on the belief that machines were responsible for job losses and low wages. Its members say the technological improvements enabled work to be done by fewer skilled workers. Machines were attacked and destroyed, requiring the government to send in soldiers to fight the movement. The idea of machines taking people's jobs persists to this day in the form of the economic debate over "technological unemployment."