Vincent van Gogh
For a century, it was commonly believed that Vincent van Gogh, the tormented genius famous for chopping off his own ear, had committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest. After van Gogh shot himself, he sought treatment from several physicians, all of whom were not able to remove the bullet lodged near his spine. A little over a day later, van Gogh died of an infection. (There are several problems with this story, including the missing gun.) In a 2010 book, art historians Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith proposed that van Gogh was actually the victim of two neighbor boys who enjoyed tormenting the artist and who were probably just trying to scare him with the sound of gunshots.