Patrice Lumumba of the Congo (hit)
While the CIA tried to take out Castro, the agency was also cooking up a plot against the Castro of Africa—literally. In 1960, a master chemist flew to the Congo with poison syringes for tainting the food, drink or toothpaste of the newly elected leader, who was suspected of being a communist. President Eisenhower ordered the hit during a National Security Council meeting, according to the Senate testimony of an NSC notetaker. However, the CIA station director backed down. Months later, Lumumba was captured and shot to death two days before John F. Kennedy's inauguration—officially on Belgian orders, but CIA memos discuss assassination by gunshot.